Dental sensitivity is described as a sharp and stabbing tooth pain, generally occurring when consuming cold foods or beverages. This is often caused by receding gums or enamel wear which expose the sensitive layer located under the tooth’s enamel: the dentin.
Many factors can cause contact with the dentin and initiate pain:
- Tooth decay
- Gum disease
- Damaged restoration
- Sinus or ear infection
This condition can develop suddenly or gradually at any age. Tooth sensitivity does not naturally increase over time and has various causes such as eating habits and oral hygiene. For instance, overbrushing or the consumption of acidic foods and drinks may increase tooth sensitivity.
To hedge against tooth sensitivity, one must have an adequate oral hygiene. It is advisable to use a softbristled toothbrush as well as using toothpaste for sensitive teeth. Make sure not to apply excessive pressure during brushing and take time to gently remove any traces of dental plaque by flossing.
Since eating acidic and sugary foods can result in pain, adopting healthy eating habits, focusing on fruits and vegetables, is recommended. Teeth grinding can also explain dentin hypersensitivity. Finally, routine checkups at your dentist remains the best way to keep a healthy mouth.
If pain persists, seek advice from your dentist. They will be more than happy to determine the cause of your pain and provide appropriate solutions.